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Manchurian Local Overprints

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Postage Stamps

Manchukuo Year 10 康德 Kāngdé

Overprint Proclamation of Labour Service Laws

1 May 1943. This overprint announces the introduction of a new compulsory labour service law, effectively a wartime measure to conscript civilian men between the ages of 21 to 23 into industries where manual labour shortages existed, steelmaking etc. The conscription lasted for 12 months or more in the "Peoples Labour Service Force" controlled by the Minister of Peoples Welfare, YÜ Ching-yÜan.

The stamps, overprinted typographically, were the 3f (in red) and 6f (in blue) of the 1936 fourth Regular Issue by the Manchukuo Postal Administration Office, Hsinking. A presentation booklet exists for this issue (see below).  Any "specimen" stamps or sheets you may see for this issue are fakes.

The overprint consists of characters reading Labour Law and below these the badge of the Labour Service Group of Manchukuo which features a shovel blade overlaid with the head of a pickaxe.

 

                    
   

 2,120,000                                                                          2,100,000

 
 

  

Special Presentation Booklet

Click here for Errors & Plate Varieties.

 

Fifth Anniversary of the Manchukuo Red Cross Society

1st October 1943. This issue to commemorates the fifth anniversary of the Red Cross in Manchukuo.

The stamps were photogravure printed on un-watermarked white paper in sheets of 100 by the Japanese Government Printing Office, Tokyo. Design by Mr Hirozo Oya. A presentation booklet exists for this issue (see below).  Any "specimen" stamps or sheets you may see for this issue are fakes.

The stamps are 18mm x 21.5mm. Perf 13 x 13½.

One value 6f which features a Red Cross nurse with a patient on a stretcher..

 

   

 
   

4,000,000

 
 

The above slogans are in Chinese and Japanese, (the 3 line slogan is Japanese) both reading "Paste stamp in top left corner of envelope".

The imprint of 12 characters (see above) reads "Printed by the Great Nippon Empire Cabinet Printing Bureau".

Click Here to see Errors and Plate Varieties

Red Cross Booklet

This stamp was also produced in presentation booklets of 80 stamps (4 panes of 20). These booklets were made-up unofficially by the Red Cross for presentation to guests at an anniversary ceremony. The cover of these booklets feature a picture on the Central Hospital at Hsinking. The heading reads 満洲國赤十字社創立五周年紀念 Commemorating the Fifth Anniversary of the Founding of the Manchoukuo Red Cross. Full details can be seen here.

    

Presentation Booklet

 

Zirkle 84 - 1st October 1943.
This example was issued in 新京 Hsinking.

This cancel recognises the Fifth Anniversary of the establishment of the Red Cross in Manchukuo. This features orchids (the national flower of Manchukuo) and a cross, this is the emblem found on the Manchukuo Red Cross Medal.

 

 

Campaign to Increase Industrial Production

8th December 1943. This stamp was issued on the second anniversary of the Greater Asia War but the real purpose was to promote an increase in industrial productivity.

Steelmaking was a vital occupation during the war and so this stamp features metal manufacture at the Showa Steel Manufacturing Company at Anshan. This facility was vital for the Japanese war effort and also played a big part in the economy of the region. In 1954 the Peoples Republic of China produced a set of two stamps featuring the heavy rolling mill and the seamless steel tubing mill at Anshan. Today the Anshan Steel and Iron Group is the second largest steel maker in all of China.

The stamps were photogravure printed on un-watermarked white paper in sheets of 100 by the Japanese Government Printing Office, Tokyo, the perforation being done by the Manchukuo Postal Administration Office, Hsinking. A presentation booklet exists for this issue (see below).  Any "specimen" stamps or sheets you may see for this issue are fakes.

Designs by Mr Hirozo Oya. The stamps are 18mm x 21.5mm. Perf 13 x 13½ 

One Value 6f which features Steelmaking at Anshan Steelworks.

 

 

4,000,000

The above slogans are in Chinese and Japanese, (the 3 line slogan is Japanese) both reading "Paste stamp in top left corner of envelope".

 

The first imprint of 12 characters (see above) reads "Printed by the Great Nippon Empire Cabinet Printing Bureau", the second imprint of 11 characters reads "Issues on Dec 8th, 10th Year of Kotoku".

Click Here to see Errors and Plate Varieties

 

 

Presentation Booklet

 

 

Postcard showing Anshan Steelworks (Produced by Eagle Post Cards of New York)