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Manchurian Local Overprints 1945 - 1947

         
Japanese Kerr 246

Modern

Other Names
Tsūka Tung Ho Tonghe Tōng hé

Toong Ho

 

通 河

  Tung Hu

 

 

(Sankiang)

  T'ung-ho  
  Map of 1945   Tungho (Map)  
         
   

   
         
 

This is a single stamp set with a soft blue overprint reading 中國 China, Temporary Use. Always blurry as above.

 
         

         
       
         
  This is a single stamp set with a soft purple overprint reading 中國 China, Temporary Use.  
         

         
     
         
  This is a complete set of three stamps with a hard purple four character chop reading 中華 China, Temporary Use.  
         

         
     
  1Y on 1f   1Y on 2f  
     
  1Y on 3f   1Y on 4f  
  This is a very soft, pale red surcharge. A set of four stamps all re-valued to 1Y.  
         

         
1Y on 1f 1Y on 2f 1Y on 2f 1Y on 4f
1Y on 6f 2Y on 6f   2Y on 7f 2Y on 10f
       
    2Y on 12f    
  This is a full set of 11 values all with a hard purple chop. It also occurs overlaid with commemorative overprints - see below.  
         

         
2Y on 1f 2Y on 2f 2Y on 2f 2Y on 4f 2Y on 13f
2Y on 20f 2Y on 30f 5Y on 2f 5Y on 3f
5Y on 5f 5Y on 7f 2Y on 40f 5Y on 10f 5Y on 20f
 
5Y on 20f 5Y on 30f   5Y on 50f 5Y on 1Y
  This is a full set of 19 values all with a hard vermillion chop. It also occurs with overlaid commemorative overprints - see below.  
         
         
5Y on 1f 5Y on 2f 5Y on 2.5f 5Y on 3f 5Y on 4f
5Y on 6f 5Y on 12f 5Y on 13f 5Y on 20f 5Y on 39f
     
  5Y on 2f and 4f Booklet Panes  
  This hard vermillion set is similar to those above, but with four slightly smaller characters for the surcharge and the characters reading "temporary use". 10 values plus the 2f and 4f booklet stamps in the set. It is also seen in purple.  
         
         
 

 
  1Y on 1f 1Y on 2f 1Y on 2f  
   
  2Y on 6f 2Y on 7f 2Y on 10f  
       
    2Y on 12f    
 

You need to look at these stamps carefully because they have two chops, the first in vermillion and the second in violet. The vermillion chop is a Double 10 commemorative, this is overprinted with the violet chop which is a surcharge.  This is a full set of 7 stamps.

 
     
         
  Unaddressed First Day Cover with the Double 10 postmark from Tungho. Stamp value $4.  
         
         
   
 

2Y on 4f

2Y on 13f

5Y on 20f

 
 

 
  5Y on 20f

5Y on 30f

5Y on 50f

 
       
   

5Y on 1Y

   
  This set is the reverse of the above. In this care the violet chop is a Double 10 commemorative, this is overprinted with a surcharge in violet.  There are also seven stamps in this set.  
         
Double 10 (雙十節) Commemoratives celebrate the anniversary of the Wuchang Uprising of 10th October 1911. This uprising led to the overthrow of the Qing dynasty and the formation of the Republic of China.
         
         
   
       
   
         
  This is a simple soft black four character surcharge with the surcharge amount shown on the left and Temporary Use on the right. Kerr states that this set also appears with a purple chop.  
         

These stamps have been identified by using Volume II of the Stamp Catalogue of China by Shui-Hon Chan and the four booklet guide The Local Overprinted Stamps of Manchuria 1945-7 by Allen D Kerr (published 1978 and now out of print). Both works are essential for anyone delving seriously into this subject.

      D60, D61, D180, D208, D230