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First National Census in Manchukuo Plate Varieties and Errors

 

            

     
         

Varieties

Several varieties occur in this set and these have been identified and associated with the position of stamps within each sheet. A selection are shown here together with the sheet position, the sheets are of 100 stamps in rows of ten. Counting left to right the first stamp is 1, the second 2, the last stamp in this row is 10, and so on.

Most of these varieties are the result of general wear and tear; it follows that later printings will have more varieties present than some of the earlier ones. While these varieties have not been proven as being constant they are useful in determining the position within the sheet of individual stamps.

Akagi and Zirkle have both selected different defects as being significant, I have tried to illustrate these where I can find them. Close examination of the sheets below will reveal many more errors, how many of these are constant and how many transient is unknown.

Normal                              Variety  

Normal                              Variety

              
a. Ribbon on Cap Variety - A brown mark looking like a ribbon can be seen on the cap. This occurs on the 11th stamp on some sheets.   b. Broken Line Under "Cha" Character  - This is a small break and not easy to see unaided. This occurs on the 18th stamp on some sheets.
         
Normal                              Variety   Normal                              Variety
                 
Broken 10 Character Variety - The 10 character that resembles a cross is broken. This occurs on the 18th stamp on some sheets.   Broken Crest Variety - The Manchukuo orchid crest is broken middle left. This occurs on the 19th stamp on some sheets.
         
Normal                              Variety   Normal                              Variety
                 
Dot above "Chi" Character - See the second character from the right. This occurs on the 22nd stamp on some sheets.   Broken Fourth Character Bottom Row - Self explanatory probably due to a damaged plate. This occurs on the 60th stamp on some sheets.
         
Normal                              Variety   Normal                              Variety
                
"Yu" and "Man" Characters Broken - See the characters either side of the emblem. This occurs on the 62nd stamp on some sheets.   Spot by Face Variety - A brown spot appears by the census takers cheek. This occurs only on the 81st stamp on each sheet. I suspect this is a constant variety.
         
Normal                              Variety    
          
Colour Variety - Some sheets were printed with a pale yellow map, these are said to be rare.  
         

Normal                              Variety

 

Normal                              Variety

      

 

      

Disturbed Crest Variety - At least that is how Akagi describes it. This occurs on the 78th stamp on some sheets.

 

Dotted"Shih" Variety - A dot appears in the centre of the second large character from the right. This occurs on the 32nd stamp on some sheets.

         
Normal                              Variety  

Normal                              Variety

                  
Dot Under Wrist Variety - A white spot appears under the the right wrist. Size of spot can vary. This occurs on the 70th stamp on some sheets.   Broken "Chi" Character Variety - The second of the main characters shown here is broken. This occurs on the 11th stamp on some sheets.
         
Normal                              Variety   Normal                              Variety
                 
Broken "Ch'a" Character Variety - This is not the broken "Ch'a" identified by Akagi and the position on the sheet is unclear. Please email if you have more information.   Broken "Chih" Character Variety - The central green character of those shown here. This occurs only on the 59th stamp on each sheet.
         
Normal                              Variety Normal                              Variety
                
Black Spotted Hand Variety - A distinctive black spot occurs on the right hand. This occurs only on the 68th stamp on each sheet.   Spot Next To "Ch'a" Character Variety - An odd spot is shown by the "Ch'a" character. This occurs only on the 85th stamp on each sheet.
         
Normal                              Variety   Normal                              Variety
                  
Broken Crest Variety - The Manchukuo orchid crest is broken middle left, the damaged character below the crest is also consistent. This occurs on the 27th stamp on each sheet.   Finger Dot Variety - A white dot descends from the extended finger of the right hand. This occurs on the 31st stamp on each sheet.
         
Normal                              Variety   Normal                              Variety
                
Dot in Mongolian Text Variety - A dark spot can be seen next to the vertical lines of text. This occurs on the 35th stamp on each sheet   Damaged Hand Variety - Some fingers of the left hand are obliterated by a white spot. This occurs on the 72nd stamp on each sheet
 
Double Printed Green - In this instance the green has been applied twice to the sheet slightly out of registration. This misprint was significant enough for it to be listed as a error in some catalogues.   Shifted Green - In this instance the green has been has been applied out of registration - shifted upwards. The registration on these stamps often poor but to this extent it is exceptional.
         
  Full Sheets  
         
         
Check your own sheets against the above, download size 2.2Mb and 1.9Mb respectively. The sheets have been scanned at 300dpi and are supplied courtesy of Mr Travis Searls.