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1932 - 1935

1936 - 1939

1940 - Jul 1942

Jul 1942 - 1944

Scenic Cancels of Manchukuo

Special Cancels

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Scenic Cancels of KLT/SMRZ

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Commemorative Cancellations used in Manchukuo

1940 to Jul 1942

 
Zirkle 47 - Issued 21 February 1940.
This example was issued in 吉林 Kirin.

郵政儲金壹億圓突破紀念 reads Commemorating Postal Savings Exceeding 100,000,000 Yuan.

What may look like a Christmas bauble is in fact a Buddhist emblem representing the fulfilment of the hearts desires. It is to celebrate the achievement of over 100 million Yuan in postal savings, and encourages the population towards making this 200 million. No stamps were issued as a result of this event but instead a special official postcard set was issued - these can be seen here.

Size 33.5mm x 36.5 inc. point. Known colours - deep violet, red and reddish brown.

  Zirkle 48 - Issued 1st March 1940.
This example was issued in 哈爾濱 Harbin.

建國八周年紀念 reads Commemorating the Eighth Anniversary of the Founding of the State.

This cancel is to mark the eighth anniversary of the founding of the state. The rather chaotic central area contains eight good luck signs.

Size 35mm dia. Known colours - deep violet, red, green, vermillion and brownish red. 

     
 
Zirkle 49 - Issued 1st April 1940.
This example was issued in 牡丹江 Mutanchiang.

牡丹江郵政管理局開局紀念 reads Commemorating the Opening of the Mutanchiang Postal Services Supervisory Bureau.

The cancel  commemorates the founding of the Mutanchiang Postal Services Supervisory Bureau. This new bureau supervised a total of 84 post offices and 171 postal agencies. The Mutanchiang area is shown on the map as a solid colour with the postal symbol, the other four postal areas in Manchukuo are shown on the map and marked by a dot.

Size 35mm dia. Known colours - deep violet, red, blue and reddish brown.

  Issued 27th May 1940 ( 昭和 Shōwa date)
This cancel was only issued in 哈爾濱 Harbin

The ship pictured is Admiral Togo's flagship Mikasa (built in the UK).  The flag is Togo's "Z Flag" as flown at Pearl Harbour. The date May 27 is the anniversary of Togo's victory over the Russians in the Battle of Tsushima. The text reads 2600th year Naval Commemoration Day or simply "Navy Day"- Harbin, and below that "chokin hokoku -  Savings - Patriotism".

This cancel is mentioned by John V Sweet as being legitimately used by the Post Office in Harbin. (See China Clipper Vol IV, Issue 6, page 84).

This cancel is a clear indication that a Japanese Postal Agency existed in Harbin after the Abolition of Extra-territorial Rights in December 1937. It is certain a Manchukuoan Post Office would not have used a 昭和 Shōwa year date.

Size 42mm diameter. Known colours - green.

 
Zirkle 50 - Issued 26th to 28th June 1940.
This example was issued in 新京 Hsinking.

皇帝陛下訪日紀念 reads Commemorating the Emperorís Visit to Japan.

The text explains that the stamps are to commemorate the second visit of the Emperor Kang-Teh to Japan in both Chinese (top) and Japanese (bottom) characters. The cancel also features the national flowers, apricot and cherry.

Not a very successful cancel in that it often appears blurry and indistinct. Good copies are hard to find, possibly due to the reddish brown ink which is most commonly used and was probably issued with the chop.

This cancel has a changeable date, the right hand Chinese day date figure can read 26th (above), 27th or 28th.

Size 36mm dia. Known colours - deep violet, red, and reddish brown (above).

  Zirkle 51 - Issued 10th September 1940.
This example was issued in 新京 Hsinking.

満日連絡電纜開通紀念 reads Commemorating the Completion of the Telegraph Cable between Manchoukuo and Japan.

The design of this cancellation represents the cross section of a telegraph cable. Issued on the date of the commissioning of the first cable to directly connect 新京 Hsinking with Tokyo.

Size 35mm dia. Known colours - red, reddish brown, blue and light blue. The light blue version shown above is a later strike and cannot be considered a legitimate usage.

     
 
Zirkle 52 - Issued 19th to 20th September 1940.
This example was issued in 哈爾濱 Harbin.

慶祝日本紀元二千六百年  reads Celebrating the 2,600th Anniversary of the Founding of Japan.

This cancel shows a Chinese lantern which contains the character "xi" meaning double lucky. This postmark was originally intended for use on 18th September but delayed by one day because this clashed with the funeral of the Imperial Prince Nagahisa who had been killed in a air crash in Mongolia. A close inspection of the date-stamps of the cancel show that they have been altered, some more crudely than others. Both Zirkle and Akagi show images dated 18th September, these were probably taken from official press releases advertising this issue. To see an example - click here.

Size 32mm x 35mm. Known colours - deep violet, red, reddish brown, blue and black.

  Zirkle 53 - Issued 1st October 1940.
This example was issued in 哈爾濱 Harbin.

臨時國勢調査紀念 reads Commemorating the Special National Census.

This cancel is connected with the National Census, the design being based upon the emblem used upon the uniforms of the census takers. The census stamp issue came into use three weeks before the census was conducted, the cancel was only used upon the exact day of the census.

Size 34.5mm dia. Known colours - deep violet, red, and reddish brown.

     
 
Zirkle 54 - Issued 1st March 1941.
This example was issued in 哈爾濱 Harbin.

建國九周年紀念 reads Commemorating the Ninth Anniversary of the Founding of the State.

The nine interlocking rings of this cancel symbolize the ninth anniversary of the state of Manchukuo.

Size 36mm dia. Known colours - blue, deep violet, red, and reddish brown. 

  Zirkle 55 - Issued 3rd - 5th April 1941.
This example was issued in 新京 Hsinking.

新京東京間定期直航開始紀念 reads Commemorating the Inauguration of Scheduled Airline Service between Hsinking and Tokyo.

This cancel celebrates the opening of a regular air passenger service between the two capitals, 新京 Hsinking and Tokyo.

The cancel makes it appear that this was a non-stop service but in fact refuelling stops were made at Yonago in Japan (Tottori Prefecture) and Ch'ongjin in Korea

The day date number is changeable and can also read 4th or 5th.

Size 35mm dia. Known colours - red, violet and reddish brown.

 

   
 
Zirkle 56 - Issued 1st June 1941.
This example was issued in 新京 Hsinking.

國兵法實施紀念 reads Military Selective Service Policy Implementation Commemoration.

This cancel was issued to help to publicise the National Conscription Law, it shows the Manchukuo Army Star and sheaves of Kaoling..

Size 35mm x 35mm to star tip. Known colours - deep violet, red, blue, blue grey, green and reddish brown. The green shown above is a later strike and cannot be considered a legitimate usage.

  Zirkle 57 - Issued 12th  and 13th July 1941.
Issued in 北安 Pei-an only.

第一回北満體育大會紀念 reads Commemorating the First North Manchuria Athletics Meeting.

This cancel celebrates the first North Manchurian Athletics Meet. This was held in Pei-an (Peh-an) and the cancel only occurs with this town name. The design shows a runner and sun rays enclosed within a laurel wreath.

The day date number is changeable and can also read 13th.

Size 35mm dia. Known colours - red, Zirkle also mentions reddish brown but I have doubts about this colour being genuine. 

     
 
Zirkle 58 - Issued 24th to 27th July 1941.
Issued from 奉天中央 Mukden Central Post Office (SMRZ) only.

郵票展覧會紀念 奉天 reads Commemorating the Philatelic Exhibition,  Mukden.

This cancel is based upon the design of the 4f stamp which shows gateway to the North Mausoleum at 奉天 Mukden. The Manchou Philatelic Society staged an exhibition in 奉天 Mukden, financed by the 奉天 Mukden Postal Philatelic Bureau to coincide with Postal Service Commemoration Day.

Size 36.5mm dia. Known colours - reddish brown only.

  Zirkle 59 - Issued 20th to 22nd Sept 1941.
This example was issued in 新京 Hsinking.

航空日制定紀念 reads Commemorating the Establishment of Aviation Day.

This issue represents the founding of a national aviation day to promote interest in Manchukuo's aircraft industry.

Zirkle wrote that the silhouette is that of a Douglas DC3. It is more likely an L2D, which was a DC-3 built under license by Showa and Nakajima as a transport for the Imperial Japanese Navy. Externally, its lines were nearly identical to the DC-3, the engines and almost all the hardware were Japanese designs. During the war, the Allies gave it the codename "Tabby".

(Aircraft information supplied by Dick Bennett).

Size 36mm x  35mm. Known colours - deep violet, red and reddish brown.

     
 
Zirkle 60 - Issued 1st March 1942.
This example was issued in 吉林 Kirin.

建國十周年紀念 reads Commemorating the Tenth Anniversary of the Founding of the State.

Issued on the 10th anniversary, this is the first in this commemorative series. During 1942 Manchukuo produced 17 special cancels, more than any other year. Ten of the cancels issued in 1942 were connected to events associated with the 10th Anniversary of the Founding of the State and have the special cross shaped emblem (the cross is the shape of the simplified Chinese character meaning 10). What seems remarkable is that this emblem did not appear on any stamps.

Japan also issued a special cancel and a set of four stamps in conjunction with the anniversary.

Size 36mm dia. Known colours - deep violet, red and reddish brown.

 

Zirkle 61 - Issued 8th May 1942.
This example was issued in 新京 Hsinking.

歓迎中華民國汪主席 reads Welcome President Wang of the Republic of China.

This cancel is to welcome President Wang Ching-wei, like Pu-yi, President Wang was the head of another puppet government based in Nanking. He visited Darien in the KLT and then went on to spend three days in 新京 Hsinking.

The flags of both regimes feature in the design which is "unnaturally imbalanced" due to the pennant on the top of the Chinese flag.   The Chinese referred to the pennant as a "pig's tail" and Wang received a lot of criticism over it.

Size 37mm x 32mm. Known colours - reddish brown only.

     
 

Zirkle 62 - Issued 17th and 18th May 1942.
This example was issued in 吉林 Kirin.

建國十周年慶祝光輝満洲展覧會紀念 reads Commemorating the Tenth Anniversary of the Founding of the State Radiant Manchou Exhibition.

This cancel celebrates the "Brilliant Manchou Exhibitions" these were staged in many towns and cities throughout Manchukuo in connection to the tenth anniversary of the state. Zirkle only shows the two dates of the Hsinking exhibition for this cancel, however, as the exhibition moved around the country additional dates are found. Below are some more examples and I suspect many more exist.

Hsinking - 17th & 18th  May 1942 (shown by Zirkle)
Harbin - 2nd, 3rd and 4th June 1942
Fushun - 9th July 1942
Pei-an 11th July 1942
Hsiao-ch'eng (tzu) 12th July 1942
Anshan - 23rd July 1942
Yingkou 31st July 1942
Antung - 3rd October 1942
Kirin - 10th October 1942 (above)

Size 37mm x 32mm. Known colours - red (most common) and reddish brown (above).

 

Zirkle 63 - 18th and 19th May 1942.
This example was issued in 新京 Hsinking.

慶祝建國十周年興亜國民動員全國大會紀念reads Commemorating the National Congress of Mobilization of the Peoples of Rising Asia.

This cancel celebrates the national Congress of the Peoples Uprising Asia, a five day event held at the capital Hsinking.

Size 35mm dia. Known colours - red and reddish brown.

     
   

Zirkle 64 - 28th May 1942.
This example was issued in 新京 Hsinking.

奉迎御差遣宮殿下 reads Welcome His Imperial Highness the Japanese Imperial Messenger.

Issued welcome the Imperial Prince Takamatsu (brother of the Emperor Hirohito) on a visit to Manchukuo. This visit was connected with the 10th Anniversary Celebrations and lasted eight days during which time Prince Takamatsu travelled from Dairen to 新京 Hsinking. The date of this cancel is 28th May 1942, the day on which he was welcomed by the Emperor Kang-Teh at his palace in 新京 Hsinking.

Zirkle only mentions 28th May in connection with this cancel but a version also exists from Mukden Central P.O. dated 1st June, two days before the Prince's departure on 3rd June.

Size 45mm x 34mm . Known colours - red and reddish brown.

 

Zirkle 65 - 31st May 1942.
This example was issued in 新京 Hsinking.

特命観兵式紀念 reads Commemorating the Special Command Military Review.

This commemorates a military review in honour of Prince Takamatsu, the younger brother of Emperor Hirohito and a captain in the Imperial Navy.

Size 39.7mm x 32mm. Known colours - reddish brown only.

     
   

Zirkle 66 - 22nd to 24th July 1942.
This example was issued in 新京 Hsinking.

建國十周年慶祝東亜教育大會紀念 reads Commemorating the Tenth Anniversary of the Founding of the State - Celebrating the East Asia Education Congress.

East Asian Education Congress Cancel. Four main characters read "100 Years to make a man". Zirkle only lists the 22nd July, however the example above reads 24th, so maybe the congress lasted longer than originally thought or the cancel was available for a few days afterwards. Cancels reading 22nd are most common - I have not seen a version reading 23rd.

Size 36mm dia. Known colours - red and reddish brown.

   

   

 1932 - 1935        1936 - 1939       1940 - Jul 1942      Jul 1942 - 1944

I have found the "Philatelic Gazetteer of Manchoukuo and Kwantung Leased Territory, South Manchurian Railway Zone" by George A Fisher very useful in researching the place names shown in this section.  For cancels only available from Japanese PO's see The Large Commemorative Datestamps of Japan 1902 -1944 by Charles A. L. Swenson. Both booklets are available from the International Society for Japanese Philately Inc.